Cuba

Cuba is officially referred to as the Republic of Cuba and is located on the Isla de la Jeventud and also on a number of the Caribbean Sea’s archipelagos. Its capital city is Havana which is the biggest city in the country. The history of Cuba began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 and the subsequent invasion of the island by the Spaniards


IN THE BEGINNING

 In the late 15th century the indigenous Ciboney and Guanahatabey peoples occupied western Cuba, and the more numerous Taino inhabited the rest of the island. Estimates of the total population range as high as 600,000; however, the actual total was probably about 75,000. The Taino were a peaceful people and were highly proficient agriculturalists, related to the Arawakan peoples of South America who migrated to the Greater Antilles. Their houses, called bohíos, formed villages ranging from single families to communities of 3,000 persons. They made pottery, polished stone implements, and idols of religious spirits called zemis. The Taino diet included potatoes, manioc, fruits, and fish.  


CHE GUEVARA

  Che Guevara was a prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution (1956–59) who went on to become a guerrilla leader in South America. Executed by the Bolivian army in 1967, he has since been regarded as a martyred hero by generations of leftists worldwide. Guevara’s image remains a prevalent icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism.    


CUBA SINCE 1991

  Soviet troops began to withdraw from Cuba in September 1991 over the latter’s objections that the withdrawal would compromise the island’s security. In 1993, the US tightens its embargo on Cuba, which introduces some market reforms in order to stem the deterioration of its economy. These include the legalisation of the US dollar, the transformation of many state farms into semi-autonomous cooperatives and the legalisation of limited individual private enterprise. In 2001, US exports food to Cuba for the first time in more than 40 years after a request from the Cuban government to help it cope with the aftermath of Hurricane Michelle.   


Climate

In Cuba, the climate is tropical, with a dry and relatively cool season from late November to mid-April, and a rainy and muggy season from late April to early November. The climate is fairly uniform from one area to the other, but there are some differences that are worth considering. To visit cities and make excursions, the coolest period (December-February) is preferable, and in any case the dry season (late November to mid-April). For beach life, the Easter period (late March-April) is nice throughout the country. 


Culture

The Caribbean nation of Cuba is well-known for its vibrant and rich culture that is a complex mixture of different influences and factors. Due to the Cuba's rigid communist history, the development of the country has been set back. Though conveniences such as Wi-Fi are now available, they are not widespread as is typical of most Western countries. It is still difficult to find access to things in stores due to ongoing trade embargoes. These embargoes are also one of the reasons why Cuban cuisine can be satisfying but bland.


Bucket List

Do a vintage car tour

 Join the winter Carnival in Havana

 Horse riding in the valley of Viñales 

Hiking in Viñales 

Learn how to roll cigars in the tobacco plantations 

Snorkel or Dive in the Bay of Pigs 

Do a cacao tour in Baracoa 


Foods To Try

Tamales 

Medianoche

 Pernil Relleno de Moros y Cristianos 

Vaca Frita 

Frita Shrimps in coconut sauce 

Arroz con pollo (rice with chicken)

 Lechon asado

 Ropa vieja 


Drinks To Try

Daiquiri 

Mojito 

Cuba Libre (Cubata) 

Bay Leaf Tea 

Cuban Coffee Primer

 Agua Fresca- Jamaica Hibiscus Drink 

Caribbean Style Lemonade 


Photography Hot Spots

El Malecon 

The Streets of Old Havana 

El Capitolio 

Colorful streets in Trinidad

 Topes de Collantes 

National Park Trinidad church 


Souvenirs To Buy

Cuban Cohiba 

Cigars 

Cuban Rum 

Coconut Monkeys 

Cuban License Plates 

Cuban Art 

Cuban Straw Hat